Writing an essay? It may enhance your argument to include some images, as long as they’re directly relevant to the essay’s narrative. But how do you format images in an essay? Read on for tips on inserting and organizing images, creating captions, and referencing.
To insert an image into the text using Microsoft Word:
● Place the cursor where you want to add a picture.
● Go to Insert > Pictures.
● Click on This Device to add pictures from your own computer or select Online Pictures to search for a picture from the internet.
● Select the image you wish to use and click Insert.
There are two common methods of organizing images in your essay: you can either place them next to the paragraph where they are being discussed (in-text), or group them all together at the end of the essay (list of figures). It can be clearer to display images in-text, but remember to refer to your university style guide for its specifications on formatting images.
Whichever method you decide upon, always remember to refer directly to your images in the text of your essay. For example:
Here, the image is given both a label and a title, and its source is clearly identified.
Creating Captions Using Microsoft Word
If you are using Word, it’s very simple to add a caption to an image. Simply follow the steps below:
● Click on the image.
● Open the References toolbar and click Insert Caption.
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● Fill in or select the required details and click OK.
You can also add a caption manually.
At this point, you’ll need to refer to your style guide again to check which referencing system you’re using. As mentioned above, all sources should be clearly identified within the caption for the image. However, the format for captions will vary depending on your style guide. Here, we give two examples of common style guides:
APA 7th Edition
The format for a caption in APA style is as follows:
Note. By Creator’s Initials, Last Name (Year), format. Site Name (or Museum, Location). URL
The image format refers to whether it’s a photograph, painting, or map you are citing. If you have accessed the image online, then you should give the site name, whereas if you have viewed the image in person, you should state the name and location of the museum. The figure number and title should be above the image, as shown: