YouTube isn\u2019t just for makeup tutorials and travel vlogs. Sometimes, you may come across something you want to\u00a0cite\u00a0in an essay. In this post, then, we\u2019re looking at how to cite a YouTube video in\u00a0Harvard referencing, including both in-text citations and the entry in the reference list.\r\nCiting a YouTube Video in Harvard Referencing\r\nGenerally, YouTube videos are not the most academic sources, so you may be better off looking for a book or journal article that covers similar information. However, if you\u2019re confident that the video is suitably rigorous to use in your writing, you\u2019ll need to cite it like any other source.\r\nThe process for this is a little different for a YouTube video, since you do not need an author's surname in the citation. Instead, you should cite the title and the year it was uploaded. For example:\r\nThe presence of the word \u201cmale\u201d in \u201cfemale\u201d is actually a coincidence (Words That Seem Related, But Aren\u2019t, 2016).\r\nHere, for instance, the title of the video is Words That Seem Related, But Aren\u2019t. Between this and the year of publication, the reader will be able to find the full source information in the reference list.\r\nFurthermore, if you need to quote a YouTube video directly, you won\u2019t be able to cite any page numbers. But you can provide a timestamp for the part of the video you\u2019re quoting, such as in the following:\r\nAccording to Arika Okrent in\u00a0Words That Seem Related, But Aren\u2019t\u00a0(2016, 00:00:20), \u201cThe eventual overlap in pronunciation was accidental.\u201d\r\nThis shows that the quote is taken from twenty seconds into the video. The reader would then be able to look up the video and skip to the cited section.\r\nOnline Videos in a Harvard Reference List\r\nAny YouTube video cited in your work should be added to the reference list at the end of the document. The format for a YouTube video here is:\r\nTitle of Video\u00a0(date uploaded) YouTube video, added by Username of uploader [Online]. Available at URL [Accessed date].\r\nFor the video cited above, then, the full reference would be:\r\nWords That Seem Related, But Aren\u2019t\u00a0(2016) YouTube video, added by Arika Okrent [Online]. Available at\u00a0https:\/\/www.youtube.com\/watch?v=_f_3PNlkaKs\u00a0[Accessed 8 November 2016].\r\nThe key is providing enough information for readers to find the video.\r\nA Quick Note on Harvard Referencing\r\n"Harvard referencing" is actually a generic term for parenthetical author\u2013date referencing. As such, different universities often have in-house versions of Harvard referencing. And while different versions of this referencing style have much in common, they can also vary in some respects.\r\nAs a result, you should always check your style guide for advice if you\u2019ve been asked to use Harvard referencing in a document. And if you need any help checking that your referencing is clear and consistent, don\u2019t forget to submit your documents to our academic proofreading service.