If you refer to a piece of music in your academic writing, you need to cite it. But how does this work? In this post, we\u2019ll look at how to format in-text citations and the reference list entry for a musical recording in Chicago author\u2013date referencing.\n\nHow to Cite a Musical Recording in Chicago Author\u2013Date Referencing\nAs with any source in Chicago author\u2013date referencing, you can cite a musical recording by giving a name and date of publication in parentheses in the text. And in place of an "author" in the conventional sense, this means using:\n\n\n \tThe artist\u2019s name \u2013 If the artist\u2019s name follows the standard "First Name Surname" format, give the surname in citations. For other names (e.g., band names or pseudonyms), give the artist's full name.\n \tA date of publication \u2013 This should be the date the version you\u2019ve cited was published, not the original recording date or date of original release.\n\nYou can see examples of citations of musical recordings below:\nThe lyrics in this version differ from earlier ones (Lee 2004).\nIn "No Logo," MC Lars (2009) satirizes these attitudes.\nThe recording (Britten 1963) has been used in many film soundtracks.\nIn most cases, you won\u2019t need a pinpoint citation for a musical recording. However, if you\u2019re discussing a specific part of a recording, you can add a track number after a comma. For recordings that aren\u2019t divided into tracks, use a time stamp.\n\nMusical Recordings in a Chicago Reference List\nThe key components for a musical recording in a Chicago reference list are:\n\n\n \tArtist\u2019s name \u2013 Use the same name as you have in your citations. This will be either the credited artist or the contributor your work focuses on. For names that follow the "First Name Surname" format, give the surname first.\n \tRole \u2013 If required, you can add a note after the name to clarify the artist\u2019s role in the recording (e.g., vocalist, composer).\n \tDate \u2013 As in citations, give the date of publication for the version cited.\n \tSong title \u2013 If you\u2019re citing a single song, give the name in quote marks.\n \tOther contributors \u2013 Notes on other contributors relevant to your discussion.\n \tDate and location of recording \u2013 Include this information if you know it and it is relevant to the recording (e.g., live performances).\n \tLocation of song \u2013 If you\u2019re citing a song, include the track number and name of the album it is from (the album name is usually given in italics).\n \tPublication information \u2013 The publisher and a catalogue number (if known).\n \tFormat \u2013 The format or platform you used to access the song.\n \tAdditional information \u2013 Any extra details that are relevant to your citation (e.g., an original date of release for a republished recording).\n\nYou won\u2019t need all the above for every source! For instance, if you\u2019re citing a full album, you would use the album title in the position of the song title.\nIn all cases, though, you should try to provide as much relevant detail as possible to help readers find the exact source you\u2019ve used.\n\nExample References\nTo demonstrate how this works in practice, we\u2019ve prepared some examples below:\nBritten, Benjamin, composer and conductor. 1963. War Requiem. With Galina Vishnevskaya and the London Symphony Orchestra. Decca Records B00E3TEGJK, 33\u2153 rpm.\nLee, Peggy, vocalist. 2004. "Fever." Additional lyrics by Eddie Cooley and John Davenport. Recorded May 19, 1958. Track 14 on Things Are Swingin\u2019. Capitol Records, Spotify.\nMC Lars. 2009. This Gigantic Robot Kills. Horris Records OGL71003-2, compact disc.\nThis Is the Kit. 2020. "Was Magician." Track 10 on Off Off On. Rough Trade RTO148CD, compact disc.\nAs you can see, each line after the first should be formatted with a hanging indent.\nIf required, you can also place musical recordings in a separate "Discography" so they\u2019re clearly distinct from the print sources in your reference list. However, this is only necessary if you\u2019ve cited a large number of musical recordings.\n\nExpert Chicago Proofreading\nChicago referencing is a very adaptable system, but this can make it easy for errors or inconsistencies to creep into your work. And this means it helps to have an expert proofreader check your writing before you submit it for marking.\nWant to find out what this involves? Then try our free trial offer today.