The Australian Guide to Legal Citation (or AGLC) sets out a uniform approach to citing cases, legislation and other legal sources. If you\u2019re studying law in Australia \u2013 or even just reading legal texts published there \u2013 it\u2019s vital to know how this system works. In this post, we go over the basics of citing case reports using AGLC referencing, including how to handle repeat citations and what you should include in a bibliography.\n\nReferencing Case Reports\nIn AGLC, you cite sources using superscript numbers (e.g., 1, 2, 3), which point to source information in footnotes. The basic footnote format for citing a reported judgment requires a case name, year, and details of where it was reported. We can break this down as follows:\n\n\n\n\n\nCase Name\n\n\n(Year)\n\n\nVolume\n\n\nReport Abbreviation\n\n\nFirst Page\n\n\nPinpoint\n\n\n\n\nSmith v Jones\n\n\n(1982)\n\n\n126\n\n\nCLR\n\n\n503,\n\n\n522.\n\n\n\n\nYou only need a pinpoint reference when citing a specific page or passage of a report. And, as above, all case names should be italicized and all footnotes should end in a period.\nThe format is different for unreported judgments, as you need a unique court identifier. For example:\n\n\n\n\n\nCase Name\n\n\n(Year)\n\n\nUnique Court Identifier\n\n\nJudgment Number\n\n\nFull Date\n\n\nPinpoint\n\n\n\n\nJones v Smith\n\n\n(2006)\n\n\nHCA\n\n\n3\n\n\nJanuary 13, 2006\n\n\n522.\n\n\n\n\nHowever, you should only cite an unreported judgment when no reported version is available, so this format is a little rarer.\n\nRepeat Citations in AGLC\nIf you\u2019re citing the same case report twice in a row, you can use \u201cibid\u201d (a Latin term meaning \u201cin the same place\u201d) rather than repeating the full source information. The only difference will be adding a new pinpoint citation if you are citing a different part of the text:\n1. Smith v Jones (1982) 126 CLR 503, 522.\n2. Ibid.\n3. Ibid 517.\nFootnotes two and three above, for instance, cite the same source as footnote one. Footnote two cites the same part of the source. Footnote three, meanwhile, cites a different page of the source, so we give a new pinpoint citation as well as using \u201cibid.\u201d\nFor non-consecutive repeat citations, meanwhile, you need to:\n\n\n \tShorten the case title in brackets at the end of the first citation.\n \tCross reference the shortened title and the footnote number for the first citation in all subsequent citations of the source.\n\nFor instance, we could format a non-consecutive repeat citation like this:\n1. Smith v Jones (1982) 126 CLR 503, 522 (\u201cSmith\u201d).\n2. Kim Stein, When Law Repeats (AGLC, 2002).\n3. Smith (n 1) 516.\nHere, in the third footnote, we have a shortened title, a bracketed footnote number, and a new pinpoint citation. This is enough information to ensure the reader can identify the correct source from the citation.\n\nBibliography\nThe bibliography is where you provide full detail of every source you\u2019ve cited in your work. For case reports, the information here is almost identical to the first footnote citation. The only difference is that you don\u2019t need a pinpoint reference or a period at the end:\nSmith v Jones (1982) 126 CLR 503\nHowever, AGLC referencing doesn\u2019t always require a bibliography as well as footnote citations. As such, make sure to check your university style guide or ask your lecturer for advice on whether to include one.