18th or Eighteenth? How to Write Centuries in Formal Writing
  • 2-minute read
  • 6th May 2022

18th or Eighteenth? How to Write Centuries in Formal Writing

If you’re writing a research paper, marketing copy, or other professional document, you’ll want to know how to write dates and centuries correctly. Should you use numbers or words? Is it necessary to hyphenate or capitalize centuries? And, finally, just when did the 18th century take place? Read on for more!

Numbers Versus Words

There is no hard-and-fast rule about when to use numbers and when to use words in writing centuries, as long as you are clear and consistent. A guideline that is often adopted is that centuries after the tenth are represented using numerals (e.g., “16th century”), whereas earlier centuries are spelled out in words (e.g., “seventh century”); this is the rule that is followed by this blog post. If you’re using a style guide, however, it’s always worth checking its specifications.

When to Hyphenate Centuries

When centuries are used as adjective phrases preceding the nouns they modify, they are hyphenated:

It’s a 21st-century problem.

The ninth-century church is situated in the heart of the village.

However, when a century is used as a noun phrase, you should not use a hyphen:

Find this useful?

Subscribe to our newsletter and get writing tips from our editors straight to your inbox.

The 20th century was an era of technological innovation.

Napoleon invaded Russia in the 19th century.

This is consistent with genera hyphenation rules.

When to Capitalize Centuries

There’s a simple answer to this question: never! While you may come across the capitalization of centuries in writing (e.g., “12th Century”), it’s never correct, as “century” is simply a measure of time and not a proper noun.

How to Number Centuries

This is a slightly more confusing issue. Many people assume that the 18th century, for example, lasted from 1800 to 1899; the clue’s in the name, right? Wrong! The first century started in the year 1 A.D. and lasted until the year 100, so therefore, the second century lasted from 101 to 200. Therefore, the 18th century consists of the 1700s rather than the 1800s.


Comments (0)

Got content that needs a quick turnaround?

Let us polish your work.

Explore our editorial business services.

More Writing Tips?
  • 4-minute read

    How to Conduct Market Research

    Are you writing a new business plan or looking to grow your company? Market research...

  • 3-minute read

    How to Add a Video to Google Slides

    In today’s digital age, engaging and interactive presentations are a great way to capture your...

  • 3-minute read

    How to Convert a PDF to PowerPoint

    Creating engaging and visually appealing presentations is something that most professionals, as well as students,...

  • 4-minute read

    How to Get a Medical Writing Job

    Medical writing is a niche branch of writing that focuses on creating content related to...

  • 5-minute read

    How to Cite a PowerPoint in APA

    If you want to use information from a PowerPoint presentation in your essay, you’ll need...

  • 4-minute read

    What Is a Press Release?

    In the fast-paced world of modern marketing, effective communication is essential for businesses looking to...

Trusted by thousands of leading
institutions and businesses

Make sure your writing is the best it can be with our expert English proofreading and editing.