Cite Your Sources Clearly
‘Oxford referencing’ is a type of footnote referencing based on the guidelines in the OUP’s New Oxford Style Manual. However, many universities have their own versions of this system, so it can vary from place to place. And this makes it vital to have one of our Oxford referencing experts check your written work before you submit it for marking!
If you’ve been asked to use Oxford referencing in a document, why not have it proofread by one of our academic proofreading specialists? We can make sure your referencing follows your style guide exactly, as well as ensuring consistency throughout.
When you upload a document, we will ask you to select a referencing system. Proofed uses the Deakin University version of Oxford referencing by default. So if you’re okay with this system, simply select ‘Oxford’ from the menu.
We’re happy to work with any version of Oxford referencing, though. Simply leave a note in the comment box to let us know which style guide to use.
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As a footnote referencing system, Oxford uses superscript numbers in the text for citations. The first reference would look like this, for example:
History is often said to repeat itself.¹
The number here points to a footnote at the bottom of the page, which is where you provide full source information. A footnote would therefore look like this:
¹ H. Kane, Discovering Rome, Penguin Roundhouse, London, 2002, p. 10.
This is the first citation of a book. The number at the end here shows which part of the book we’re citing. To reference the same source again, you would not need to repeat the full citation. Instead, you would use the following Latin abbreviations:
For instance, repeat citations of the text above would look like this:
¹ H. Kane, Discovering Rome, Penguin Roundhouse, London, 2002, p. 10. ² Ibid., p. 31. ³ C. Alexander, Mrs Chippy’s Last Expedition, Bloomsbury, London, 1991, p. 24. ⁴ Kane, op. cit., p. 185.
For information on other source types in Oxford referencing, see our blog.
As well as footnote citations, Oxford referencing requires you to create a bibliography. This is a list of every source cited in your work, with full publication detail. It should:
The information in each bibliography entry will be similar to the first footnote for the source. The only differences in the bibliography are that:
The entry for the book cited in the examples above would therefore look like this:
Kane, H., Discovering Rome, Penguin Roundhouse, London, 2002.
As with footnote citations, check our blog for info on other source types.
Our expert editors can work with a range of referencing styles, including:
We can work with other referencing styles on request, too. Just let us know which system you’re using when you upload your work, and we’ll tailor our service accordingly. For more information on legal referencing styles, such as OSCOLA and AGLC, see our dedicated legal referencing page.
Let our expert editors show you what they can do.